Why did Congress award the Little Rock Nine the Congressional Gold Medal in 1999?
The award will be made in recognition of the Little Rock Nine as civil rights pioneers whose selfless acts considerably advanced the civil rights debate in this country. The Congressional Gold Medal is the highest honor that the United States Government can bestow on an individual.
Why did the Little Rock Nine need the federal government to step in?
Their attendance at the school was a test of Brown v. Board of Education, a landmark 1954 Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional. Eisenhower sent in federal troops to escort the Little Rock Nine into the school. It drew national attention to the civil rights movement.
Why were the Little Rock Nine asked to go to court?
In February 1958, the Little Rock School District went to federal court to ask for a delay in the integration plan and in June, a federal judge ruled in the school district’s favor. Board of Education,” the Justices said.
Why is Melba Pattillo Beals important?
Beals is also an author and became the first of the Little Rock Nine to write a book based on her experiences in 1957. Her memoir, Warriors Don’t Cry was published in 1994 and was named the American Library Association (ALA) Notable Book, and won the Robert F.
Who is the woman screaming at Elizabeth Eckford?
Why is Elizabeth Eckford a hero?
In 1954, a landmark decision was reached in the famous case of ‘Brown vs. the Board of Education’, which required American schools to stop the process of racial segregation. Elizabeth Eckford was one of the 9 brave teenagers to attend this desegregated school, and she soon became the face of the desegregation movement.
How did Elizabeth Eckford unwittingly show the rest of the world what was really going on in Little Rock?
She was shown in a photo after being blocked from school by the Arkansas National Guard and has an angry white mob behind her. Elizabeth Eckford being photographed showed the world the human side of desegregation and what was happening in Arkansas as children attempt to attend school.
Who took the photo of Elizabeth Eckford?
When did Elizabeth Eckford graduate?
Eckford took correspondence and night classes during the 1958 school year to earn enough credits to receive her high school diploma. Eckford attended Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, then later earned her B.A. degree in history from Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio in 1962.
What does Elizabeth Eckford do for a living?
Civil rights activist
Did Elizabeth Eckford go to college?
How many siblings does Elizabeth Eckford have?